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Marine Life and Chemistry of the Gulf of Aqaba and Ras Mohammed Marine Life and Chemistry of the Gulf of Aqaba and Ras Mohammed Новинка

Marine Life and Chemistry of the Gulf of Aqaba and Ras Mohammed

3393 руб.
This book describes the marine life and chemistry of the Gulf of Aqaba and Ras Mohammed (South Sinai), Red Sea, Egypt during 2009. Regarding the coral reef ecosystem, it provides a quantification of stony corals, black corals, soft corals and gorgonians. In addition, it quantifies the percentage of live corals, dead corals, bare rocks, rubbles, sands, echinoderms, molluscs, ascidians, sponges, crevices, boring worms, algae, anemones and broken corals. It also quantifies other bottom fauna and marine phytoplanktons. Regarding the chemistry of the area, the book provides estimates of temperature, pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, nutrients (ammonia,nitrite, nitrate, phosphate), total hydrocarbons in water and sediments, and heavy metals.
Nigeria's Security Interest in the Gulf of Guinea: Nigeria's Security Interest in the Gulf of Guinea: Новинка

Nigeria's Security Interest in the Gulf of Guinea:

4468 руб.
THE Gulf of Guinea is an enclave of growing economic, social, political and geostrategic importance. It is also an enclave of overwhelming poverty, disease, chronic instability and prone to terrorist incursion. The establishment of a new combatant force (AFRICOM) for the region (GULF OF GUINEA) and Africa in general by the United States of America marks an important milestone in the evolution of relations between the U.S and the government of the Gulf region. Through AFRICOM, the United States Department of Defense will consolidate the efforts of other existing Commands and headquarters as it seek a more stable environment for political and economic growth in the Gulf of Guinea. In line with such goals, AFRICOM would be pioneering a bold method of military engagement focused on war prevention, interagency cooperation, and development rather than on traditional war fighting. It is in such view that this study is carried out to assess Nigeria’s security interest in the Gulf of Guinea owing to her supposed leadership position in the region.
Microbiota of the Deep Atlantic Ocean of the Gulf of Guinea Microbiota of the Deep Atlantic Ocean of the Gulf of Guinea Новинка

Microbiota of the Deep Atlantic Ocean of the Gulf of Guinea

7204 руб.
“Microbiota of the Deep Atlantic Ocean of the Gulf of Guinea” gives a comprehensive survey of the physico-chemical and microbiological properties of the Deep Gulf of Guinea. It covers the seawater profiling at 1m interval up to upwards of 2,700m water depth and as well described other physical, chemical and microbiological parameters of the seawater and sediment. This book is unique in the elaboration of the deep seawater and sediment sampling methodologies and also provides practical information to conduct physico-chemical, microbiological and biodegradation studies with seawater and sediment samples. Moreover, this book will serve as a guide to the fellows in Microbiology, Chemistry, Oceanography, Biotechnology and Petroleum fields.
Otolith Atlas  from the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea Fishes Otolith Atlas  from the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea Fishes Новинка

Otolith Atlas from the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea Fishes

4468 руб.
The biodiversity of the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea is unique: corals, dugongs, birds, sea turtles, oysters, jellyfish, sea star, sea cucumber, anemones, fishes, crabs and many other species even whales and whale sharks live in this marine ecosystem. In this atlas, we show the result of 6 years of labour collecting fish samples and more than 1 year collaborating of scientists from Iran and Spain.
Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea Новинка

Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea

7466 руб.
This is the first work of its kind that addresses the key topics needed for success in the Petroleum and Energy Service Industry in most gulf regions of the world. It is a treasure to Managers, Entrepreneurs, Investors and Engineers. This book contains practical scenarios from the Petroleum and Energy Service Industry. Lessons learned from this book may launch business ideas and clarify many lingering questions about this industry. This is the first book of its kind that dives into the heart of the economically lucrative side of the industry. Reading this book will provide a healthy balance between the Business and Technical aspects of the Industry. This book can be used as a point of reference for Petroleum activities worldwide. Companies and Individuals can save significant time and money in their activities by learning from the Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea.
Assessment of flora and fauna of Gulf of Mannar,India Assessment of flora and fauna of Gulf of Mannar,India Новинка

Assessment of flora and fauna of Gulf of Mannar,India

4468 руб.
Gulf of Mannar is one of the unique coastal regions for rich biodiversity in India. There is a vast area between Tuticorin and Kanyakumari which has never been explored so far even its comes under Marine Biosphere Reserve and includes thousands of fishermen who depend on fishery for their daily livelihood. The present pilot scale study was conducted in kudankulam coast within a 4 km radius in marine zone from kudankulam nuclear power project which confirmed that southern part of the Gulf of Mannar can also provide plentiful resources including rich ecologically sensitive habitats like seagrass and coral ecosystem. The resources in this region may not be similar to the northern part between Rameswaram and Tuticorin, but they are potent enough to provide a good source for fishery. Since various developmental activities like the nuclear power plant which is to be operated in the near future, it is very important to have a detailed baseline data on the seagrass, corals and associated organisms of this coastal region.With this baseline data the number of species in the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve can be estimated in the future studies.
Metagenomic  Studies of Bacterial Community of Marine Ecosystem Metagenomic  Studies of Bacterial Community of Marine Ecosystem Новинка

Metagenomic Studies of Bacterial Community of Marine Ecosystem

3274 руб.
The ocean covers over 70% of the earth’s surface and contains an extraordinary diversity of life. Our interest in understanding the function of marine ecosystems has been accelerated in recent years with growing recognition of their importance in human life. Marine microbes have defined the chemistry of the oceans and atmosphere over evolutionary time. Thousands of different species of bacteria, fungi and viruses exist in marine ecosystems comprising complex microbial food webs. These microorganisms play highly diverse roles in ecology and biochemistry of most different ecosystems. In the preset study, culture independent and dependent approach explored to study the biodiversity of bacterial community of marine ecosystem, which revealed uneven bacterial genera distribution in general, at polluted site of sea coast ecosystem at Alang-Sosiya ship breaking yard. However, in control site of sea water samples, all bacterial genera evenly distributed, which depicts the stability of ecosystem.
Seagrasses: An Ecosystem Under Threat Seagrasses: An Ecosystem Under Threat Новинка

Seagrasses: An Ecosystem Under Threat

7466 руб.
Seagrasses are generally known for their significant role in marine and estuarine ecosystems. The growth in human population along the coastal regions, where the seagrass live, makes them very vulnerable to the human-induced disturbances. Large-scale seagrass decline has been reported worldwide due to this problem. There is an evident need to monitor seagrass population to predict future changes and to protect coastal ecosystems from further degradation. The decline of seagrass beds results in their fragmentation and appearance of smaller patches of seagrass isolated from each other. This reference provides a synthesis on how fragmentation of seagrass beds influence their role in the ecosystem. The other part of this book specifically deals with the effect of heavy metal contamination on seagrass and associated fauna. Despite the well- publicised issue of metal contamination of highly urbanised marine systems and its effect on seagrasses, this is the first synthesis on the contamination effect on the seagrass community using a range of bioindicators and biomarkers in order to obtain an integral picture of the contamination effect.
Ecosystem simulation models of the upper Guf of California Ecosystem simulation models of the upper Guf of California Новинка

Ecosystem simulation models of the upper Guf of California

4905 руб.
We humans like to define where we are going by defining where we are. This perspective represents an important problem in natural sciences because when we measure how much an ecosystem or area has changed, we generally compare it with its condition a few years ago. The risk is that each time that this is done, the baseline of our comparison may have drifted further and further away from the original starting point, impairing the true magnitude of past environmental changes. In this book, we present a multidisciplinary work to reconstruct for first time the past upper Gulf of California ecosystem (Mexico) for three key periods of time, 1900, 1940 & 2000 to determine the role of nutrients and sediments delivered by the Colorado River in the structure and function of this ecosystem. The reconstruction of the upper Gulf of California is based on mass-balance models (Ecopath with Ecosim) which include Local Environmental Knowledge from the fishing communities of this region in an attempt to quantify important losses of abundance and diversity over the past 50 years. This book presents material that proves that human intervention can trigger rapid and significant changes in the functio
Effects Of Crude Oil On Marine Clam,  Volume I Effects Of Crude Oil On Marine Clam,  Volume I Новинка

Effects Of Crude Oil On Marine Clam, Volume I

3274 руб.
Oil exploration and development with the threat of pollution to living marine resources has increasingly become a public issue.The shift in balance of an ecosystem from a severely altered one, immediately following a major oil spill to a stable ecosystem can require many years. Certain organisms can be killed by water-soluble fractions (WSFs) of oil and exhibit sublethal response at much lower concentrations (1 to 10 ppb). The carcinogenic properties and anthropogenic origins of polyaromatic hydrocarbons in the crude oil have led to interest in understanding their distribution and fate in the environment. The aim of researcher is to study and evaluate the toxic effects of water soluble fractions (WSFs) of Persian Gulf and Bombay High Crude oil on common marine clams of Mumbai coast such as Gafrarium divaricatum and Dosinia fibula, so as to serve as a baseline for monitoring the consequences of petroleum toxicity. Clams are widely distributed and are of great value as food for man. Because of increased demand and decreased production due to water pollution and other causes, their market price has increased greatly during past few years.
The Harmattan Dust in Ghana The Harmattan Dust in Ghana Новинка

The Harmattan Dust in Ghana

5097 руб.
The Harmattan is an important seasonal atmospheric phenomenon that affects most parts of West Africa near the Gulf of Guinea during the northern winter. This book covers the experimental study of the physical characteristics of the Harmattan dust aerosol in Ghana near the Gulf of Guinea. It features: The Harmattan definition and period of occurrence, effects on the environment, the Saharan dust transport and characteristics over regions traversed; mobilisation and sedimentation of aerosol particle, the Sahara dust events and influence of large scale atmospheric systems including the ITCZ and the North Atlantic Oscillation; The principle of measurements and the experimental methods to determine the Harmattan dust physical characteristics including: the mean particle number and mass concentrations, particle number and mass frequency distributions, particle size (diameter), transit time, dust flux and deposition rate, relationship between the Harmattan dust and the ITCZ as well as the NAO Index
Levels of Metallic elements in Sediments from Tunis Gulf Levels of Metallic elements in Sediments from Tunis Gulf Новинка

Levels of Metallic elements in Sediments from Tunis Gulf

3393 руб.
The book incorporates the levels and spatial distribution of metallic elements in sediments from Tunis gulf (Mediterranean Sea).It provide a fundamental baseline data to understand the natural behavior of mineral elements in Tunis gulf and to evaluate the impact of the increasing urbanization and industrial activities around the gulf. I am confident that this book will be useful for managers of the marine environment.
Comparative Ecotoxicological Studies to Assess Marine Ecosystem Health Comparative Ecotoxicological Studies to Assess Marine Ecosystem Health Новинка

Comparative Ecotoxicological Studies to Assess Marine Ecosystem Health

6830 руб.
The marine environment of the Red Sea coast of Yemen Republic is subjected to contamination by pollutants, mainly heavy metals, from untreated domestic, industrial and agricultural waste water, in addition to run-off during rainy seasons, ship and shipment activities, oil transportation, oil spillage and atmospheric fallout. The present book assesses fish biological responses of exposure and effects of metal pollution at several coastal sites facing different levels of anthropogenic activities along the Red Sea coast of Hodeida governorate using a set of biomarkers. The hazard index was also calculated as an indicator of human health risks associated with consumption of fish edible tissues.
The Legal Framework for Prevention of Marine Pollution in the Red Sea The Legal Framework for Prevention of Marine Pollution in the Red Sea Новинка

The Legal Framework for Prevention of Marine Pollution in the Red Sea

4631 руб.
The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 made the Red Sea one of the most important shipping routes connecting Europe with East Asia and Australia. The closing of the canal after the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, the building of pipelines to the Mediterranean Sea, and the construction of supertankers too large for the canal diminished the sea's importance as a commercial artery, especially for petroleum. In 1975, however, the canal was reopened and enlarged, and traffic through the sea increased. Suez, Egypt; Elat, Israel; Aqaba, Jordan; Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; Hodeida, Yemen; Massawa, Eritrea; and Port Sudan, Sudan, are the main ports on the Red Sea and its northern arms. As Jordan's only marine outlet to the sea and as an important port for Israel and Egypt, the Gulf of Aqaba also serves as a significant waterway to the Middle East. In view of these characteristics, it is not unexpected that Egypt,Jordan and Israel start realizing the fact that sea pollution pays no attention to political boundaries - This whats the author is willing to conclude-.
Zooplankton in Iraqi Marine and Brackish Water Zooplankton in Iraqi Marine and Brackish Water Новинка

Zooplankton in Iraqi Marine and Brackish Water

5097 руб.
In the present study, the density and abundance of zooplankton and it`s infections with ecto and endo parasites in Iraqi marine and estuarine brackish water of NW Arabian Gulf were studied. Sixty taxa of zooplankton were identified in the present study,35 taxa were copepods, while 25 taxa were belonging to other zooplankton. Eight taxa of Copepoda were recorded for the first time in the study area. Many type of protozoan parasites heavily infects copeopods and other zooplankton in the study area as follow: Ellobiopsis chattoni, Ellobiopsis sp., Thalassomyces sp., Blastodinium sp., Zoothaminium sp., Dinoflagellates, peritrich ciliates. These parasites recorded for the first time in Iraqi marine and brackish water as well as the Arabian Gulf except for Ellobiopsis chattoni, and Thalassomyces sp., which recorded in Kuwaiti waters before.
Isolation and Characterization of Native Collagens from Marine Sponges Isolation and Characterization of Native Collagens from Marine Sponges Новинка

Isolation and Characterization of Native Collagens from Marine Sponges

4550 руб.
This contribution majorly describes the isolation of different collagens from marine Demosponges collected from Gulf of Mannar (GoM), India. Based on the preliminary studies (biochemical and anatomical evaluation of around 40 sponge species collected at GoM), few of the shortlisted sponges were subsequently analyzed for the collagen presence and in particular, Ircinia fusca was focused for further isolation and characterization of different collagens. Chapter I provides background information introducing the subjects presented in the topic of marine sponge biology and its scope. Chapter II narrates the brief methodology of each experiment starting from the collection of marine sponges and up to the immuno-electrophoretic characterization of collagens. Chapter III brought the findings of each experimental procedure that involved the isolation and characterization of different collagens from the experimental sponges. Chapter IV discusses the overall aspects of the different parameters involved in isolation, characterization and purification of marine sponge collagens in the current study as well as the future perspectives of the marine sponges.
Marine Nematode Ecology vol II Marine Nematode Ecology vol II Новинка

Marine Nematode Ecology vol II

7078 руб.
Meiofauna is the major metazoan component of benthic ecosystem. Within the meiobenthos free living marine nematodes are an excellent taxon for use as an ecological indicator of benthic environments. The present book provides information about the ecology of marine nematode in the coastal and inshore waters of Arabian Sea, Pakistan. It includes the selected locations along the coastline of the Sindh and Balochistan. Certain environmental parameters were also taken into consideration. Assessment of marine nematode fauna in pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon seasons for three consecutive years showed variations in nematodes faunal composition. In trophic group composition epistrate feeder were found as the dominant group. The response of marine nematode community to heavy metal contamination and their co-relation analysis with mean nematode density showed significant negative co-relation with some environmental parameters and heavy metals in the samples. The marine nematode fauna associated in the mudflats of mangrove swamps were also investigated. This book gives the first report on the community structure of free living marine nematodes from northern Arabian Sea of Pakistan.
Sequence stratigraphy of the Paleogene deep marine sediments in Sinai Sequence stratigraphy of the Paleogene deep marine sediments in Sinai Новинка

Sequence stratigraphy of the Paleogene deep marine sediments in Sinai

7466 руб.
This book investigate basically the role of foraminiferal studies in sequence stratigraphic analysis (sequence biostratigraphy) throughout constructing the age model and paleobathymetry. The Paleogene deep marine sediments in Sinai were taken as case studies. The successive sea level fluctuations occurred during the Paleogene in Sinai have produced seven third order depositional sequences which bounded with eight sequence boundaries, the first and the last two of that are of type-1 sequence boundary while the other are of type-2.The Paleogene sea level fluctuations recorded in Sinai were found generally matching with the global sea level oscillations. However, some variations exist indicating that the deposition of the Paleogene in Sinai was generally governed by the worldwide sea level oscillations and the local tectonics related to the development of the syrian Arc system in the north part and the Gulf of Suez rift in the west.
Marine Biology Marine Biology Новинка

Marine Biology

4468 руб.
In many countries aquaculture is a major thrust area which plays a vital role in improving community progress, food security, poverty mitigation, employment and other economic activities. Worldwide production of farmed aquatic animals and plants has to be reached to several billions according to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). Grouper, in many Asian countries is also known as "lapu-lapu" is one among the most commercially important marine food fish. They are one of the most expensive fish species and are valued for the excellent texture and flavor of its flesh, as well as its great potential in aquaculture.This study evaluates the taxonomical position, food and feeding, length and weight, parasite association and production, and economics of wild grouper, Epinephelus malabaricus from Mandapam (Palk Bay) and Gulf of Mannar coastal waters Southeast coast of India.
Bioactive Compounds from Actinomycetes of The Gulf of Khambhat Bioactive Compounds from Actinomycetes of The Gulf of Khambhat Новинка

Bioactive Compounds from Actinomycetes of The Gulf of Khambhat

3274 руб.
The marine environment is a habitat for many unique microorganisms, which produce biologically active compounds (“bioactives”) to adapt to particular environmental conditions. Actinomycetes are a family of bacteria that produce over two thirds of the clinically useful antibiotics of natural origin. The present study deals with production and extraction of antimicrobial metabolites from haloalkaliphilic actinomycetes from the Gulf of Khambhat situated in the Bhavnagar District of the Gujarat. Out of 40 isolates, isolate GhM-HA-6 was found to secrete potential antimicrobial metabolites against many Gram-positive bacteria like M.leuteus, S.flexneri, S.aureus and S.epidermis. It produced the antibiotic optimally during stationary phase with pH 9 and 10% w/v NaCl in starch broth. The crude antimicrobial substance was isolated by using various solvent systems but giving the best separation with chloroform and methanol-ethyl acetate. The study reveals that the haloalkaliphilic actinomycete GhM-HA-6 produces broad spectrum of antimicrobial metabolites which can be exploited for biotechnological potential and improve as promising sources for new antimicrobial compound.
Federal Bodysnatchers & the New Guinea Virus – Tales of People, Parasites & Politics Federal Bodysnatchers & the New Guinea Virus – Tales of People, Parasites & Politics Новинка

Federal Bodysnatchers & the New Guinea Virus – Tales of People, Parasites & Politics

1985 руб.
Federal Bodysnatchers & the New Guinea Virus – Tales of People, Parasites & Politics
Biochemical and Enzymatic Analysis of marine benthic macroalgae Biochemical and Enzymatic Analysis of marine benthic macroalgae Новинка

Biochemical and Enzymatic Analysis of marine benthic macroalgae

6426 руб.
Marine algae represent itself as potential sources of various useful products. They also exhibit considerable variation in their stress metabolites and enzymatic activity in stressed conditions. In this present study benthic macro-algae of Sunderban Ecosystem has been examined for biochemical characterization with respect to changing physico chemical properties of estuarine water. Chapter 1 contains a short introduction to the topic and discusses the utilization potentialities of marine algae. Chapter 2 discusses the review in details of previous scientific researches on biochemistry of marine algae. Chapter 3 describes the objectives of the study. Chapter 4 discusses the procedures followed for the study. Chapter 5 examines the results of the benthic algal biochemistry of the three seasons. In the last part of this chapter Seasonal Variation of the different parameters of the algal genera with respect to Salinity presented. Chapter 6 condenses the expanded discussion of the observations of the present study pointing at the most important ones. Chapter 8 gives the list of reference actually seen and cross referred for completion of the study.
Coastal and Marine Environmental Assessment Coastal and Marine Environmental Assessment Новинка

Coastal and Marine Environmental Assessment

4631 руб.
Over the past decade, there has been a rapid increase in industrialization and human population growth along marine and coastal area of the world. This increase does much to further the well-being of the people and it also leaves severe impacts on coastal and marine environment. Approaching environmental science from a marine and coastal water perspective requires comprehensive background in the issues of geology, chemistry, biology, and in many cases atmospheric science to prevent and minimize adverse impacts of different types of pollution. This book is focused on environmental issues which include assessment of environmental impact and analysis of the different types of pollution and their effects on the coastal and marine environment. Moreover, it is provided for students and scientists in marine environment and/or ecosystem ecology, and some basic knowledge of marine biological research. Because of the diversity of illustrations and tabular information used in the examples of marine and coastal water studies, as well as the comprehensive bibliographic sources. I hope that, this book to be interesting and useful for reader, and I welcome your comments and feedback.
Federal Bodysnatchers and the New Guinea Virus – Tales of Parasites, People and Politics Federal Bodysnatchers and the New Guinea Virus – Tales of Parasites, People and Politics Новинка

Federal Bodysnatchers and the New Guinea Virus – Tales of Parasites, People and Politics

1244 руб.
Federal Bodysnatchers and the New Guinea Virus – Tales of Parasites, People and Politics
Effect of crude oil on marine clam, Volume II Effect of crude oil on marine clam, Volume II Новинка

Effect of crude oil on marine clam, Volume II

4716 руб.
Indian coasts have witnessed a number of tanker disasters in recent years and regular spillage near the refineries and Mahul creeks. Refinery effluents are the major the source of oil pollution. An increasing trend of petroleum hydrocarbon in various oceans and seas has attracted attention of researchers to extensively investigate the effects of crude oil and its constituents on marine organisms. The study deals with toxicological studies gauging short term and long term sub lethal chronic toxicity of dilutions of 10 percent Water soluble fractions (WSFs) stock of Persian Gulf and Bombay High Crude oil on common marine clams of Mumbai coast such as Gafrarium divaricatum and Dosinia fibula. The study describes the physiological responses of clams burrowing activity during long term exposure to Wsf enriched sediment and changing profile of biochemical parameters. Further investigation is to assess how such exposure may affect the energetic or growth i.e. scope for growth (SFG) as well as the utilization of body reserves (i.e. Oxygen to Nitrogen rate O:N ratio) in these species.
Dissecting heterosis in guinea-race sorghum Dissecting heterosis in guinea-race sorghum Новинка

Dissecting heterosis in guinea-race sorghum

5462 руб.
Semi-Arid and Sahelian Africa (SASA) has unpredictable rainfall patterns due to large fluctuations in the amount of rains and rainfall distribution, erratic onset of the rainy season (often leading farmers to late sowing and/or replanting of their fields), erratic rainfalls at the end of the rainy season, occurrence of drought spells at any time during the rainy season or terminal drought due to premature ending of rains often causing zero harvest. In this zone, unfavorable for growing most other cereals, “nature cared” crops of sorghum and millet, are vital to food security. This condition is, for sorghums -guinea race in particular, due to their possessing numerous adaptive traits that make them desirable for cultivation in the harsh climatic conditions of SASA. However, sorghum yield is very low in this region, still below a ton/ha. The author uses conventional breeding, quantitative genetics and SSR markers to dissect heterosis to explore the feasibility of exploitation of this natural phenomenon in sorghum as a means to boost yield and lay down the foundation of sorghum seed industry in West Africa, while maintaining the adaptive features of guinea race sorghums.
Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts – A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts – A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology Новинка

Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts – A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology

6211 руб.
Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts – A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology
Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts – A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts – A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology Новинка

Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts – A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology

3754 руб.
Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts – A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology
Effects Of Crude Oil On Marine Clam Volume, III Effects Of Crude Oil On Marine Clam Volume, III Новинка

Effects Of Crude Oil On Marine Clam Volume, III

6133 руб.
Crude oil Tanker disasters and the regular refineries effluents are the major the source of oil pollution. An increasing trend of petroleum hydrocarbon in various oceans and seas has attracted attention of researchers to extensively investigate the effects of crude oil and its constituents on marine organisms. The study deals with toxicological studies of Water soluble fractions (WSFs) stock of Persian Gulf and Bombay High Crude oil on common marine clams of Mumbai coast. The study describes the responses of clams during long term wsf exposure combined with salinity and seasonal variations. A histopathological change in various tissues of clams is also investigated.
The Practice of Fanadu in Guinea-Bissau: A Local Knowledge Approach The Practice of Fanadu in Guinea-Bissau: A Local Knowledge Approach Новинка

The Practice of Fanadu in Guinea-Bissau: A Local Knowledge Approach

4631 руб.
The practice of Fanadu “female circumcision” is a human rights violation that affects almost 50% of the women’s in Guinea-Bissau, despite wide range of national and international human rights norms that grant women’s right to health and bodily integrity. Nearly 30 years of worldwide campaigns to end the practice - which has resulted in high success rates in neighboring countries such as Senegal - seems not to affect the trends and high incidence rates of the practice in Guinea-Bissau. The book uncovers the reasons for this deeply rooted traditional practice in the specific context of Guinea-Bissau and its linkages to ethnicity, religion and culture. It alerts to the perils’ of copy-past approaches and suggests the adoption of policies and action plans that takes into account the specific context and dynamics in the country as a way of ensuring long-lasting and successful solutions to the practice of Fanadu in Guinea-Bissau.
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon in the Gulf of Winam in Kenya Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon in the Gulf of Winam in Kenya Новинка

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon in the Gulf of Winam in Kenya

5576 руб.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAH)commonly refer to a large class of organic compounds containing two or more fused aromatic rings. They comprise unsubstituted parent PAH and their alkyl-substituted derivatives. They are colourless, white, pale yellow or green solids with melting and boiling points generally above 100 0C. They have their origin in both natural and anthropogenic processes. However many studies have indicated that the anthropogenic input of PAH to aquatic environment far exceeds natural sources. Major human activities which produce PAH include pyrolysis of wood to produce charcoal and carbon black, coke production, manufacturing of gas fuel, power generation from fossil fuels, combustion of fuels in internal combustion engines, incineration of industrial and domestic wastes, oil refinery processes and chemical engineering operations among others. By-products of these processes, which contain significant amount of PAH, have been dumped on land, in the waters or buried at subsurface sites. Airborne particulates, generated from these processes and carrying PAH, are transported worldwide in the atmosphere and are released in soils and in sediments of aquatic systems.
Microbial Quality of Grilled Guinea Fowl in Tamale Central, Ghana Microbial Quality of Grilled Guinea Fowl in Tamale Central, Ghana Новинка

Microbial Quality of Grilled Guinea Fowl in Tamale Central, Ghana

3274 руб.
The consumption of meat is increasing among the public as consumers strive to eat healthy diets. Grilled guinea fowl are usually sold in the Tamale Central Sub-metropolitan, Ghana by the road side by vendors. However, these vendors operate under unhygienic conditions that could make the products susceptible to microbial contamination. The study was conducted to assess the microbial quality of grilled guinea fowl sold in the Tamale Central Sub-metropolitan. The samples were collected from five vending sites and conveyed immediately to Water Research Institute Laboratory, Tamale for Analysis. The grilled guinea fowl samples were immediately analysed for the presence of total coliform, faecal coliform, E. coli, and Salmonella spp using the Membrane Filtration Technique and Pour plate counts for total heterotrophic bacteria.These microbes were identified in all the food samples and the possible sources of contaminants include the equipment and others.
The Irritable Heart – The Medical Mystery of the Gulf War The Irritable Heart – The Medical Mystery of the Gulf War Новинка

The Irritable Heart – The Medical Mystery of the Gulf War

2317 руб.
The Irritable Heart – The Medical Mystery of the Gulf War
Biodiversity loss by trawl netting in West Bengal offshore Biodiversity loss by trawl netting in West Bengal offshore Новинка

Biodiversity loss by trawl netting in West Bengal offshore

4631 руб.
Marine ecosystem active in West Bengal offshore including ‘Sundarbans’ exhibits an excellent breeding - nursing ground of uncountable marine species. With increasing demand for fish, commercial trawling is intensified very fast by modern bull trawlers specialy in Digha and Shankarpur offshore which is very likely to have destroyed undersea habitat of benthic species forming extensively broad baseline of marine food chain. Richness of benthic biodiversity is proved to be inversely related to the offshore distance because benthic nutrients deposition getting thinner with increasing offshore distance. Higher loss of benthic biodiversity takes place at shallower continental shelf closer to coast because of maximum benthic nutrient deposition at this submarine zone and vice versa. Loss of these species must also endanger the existence of all of their predators causing an irreparable loss to entire marine ecosystem of West Bengal offshore. This study finally chalked out a proper Environmental Management Plan highlighting some curative and preventive measures for the best conservative use of these prospective marine resources ensuring maximum environmental protection of ‘Sundarbans’(World
Larval Fish Diversity and Diets in the Seagrass-Mangrove Ecosystem Larval Fish Diversity and Diets in the Seagrass-Mangrove Ecosystem Новинка

Larval Fish Diversity and Diets in the Seagrass-Mangrove Ecosystem

6201 руб.
This book is the outcome of four years Ph.D. research on larval fish distribution and diets in the seagrass-mangrove ecosystem of Gelang Patah, Johor, Malaysia. Marine research in the seagrass-mangrove ecosystem in Peninsular Malaysia is limited and the use of this habitat by larval fishes is poorly understood. Seagrass-mangrove ecosystem in the Johor Strait is very important to Malaysia and Singapore in terms of its fishery resources. The finding of this book provides information on diversity, distribution and feeding ecology of larval fishes. It is aimed as a technical reference for students, researchers, professionals and managers of the fisheries resource management.
Analysing the effects of human activities on aquatic ecosystems Analysing the effects of human activities on aquatic ecosystems Новинка

Analysing the effects of human activities on aquatic ecosystems

7204 руб.
Aquatic ecosystems are heavily impacted by anthropogenic activities, e.g. fishing, eutrophication and habitat destruction. The effects of these activities are analyzed in the context of the entire aquatic ecosystem by applying two different modelling techniques on two ecosystems in Western Australia. Shark Bay, which is listed as World Heritage Site, was investigated in this study by applying loop analysis. Qualitative models were developed to assess the role of tiger sharks and the impacts of fishing on the seagrass ecosystem of Shark Bay. The Peel-Harvey Estuary was investigated using a quantitative modelling technique, such as Ecopath, Ecosim and Ecospace. The estuary is listed as RAMSAR site with importance for waterbirds and has been impacted by eutrophication for decades. It was investigated how an artificial entrance channel, built in 1994, has influenced the ecosystem. Furthermore, the role of primary producers and waterbirds and the effects of fishing on the ecosystem were explored. In consideration of conservation measures, Ecospace is applied to identify an effective Marine Protected Area for the Peel-Harvey Estuary.
FRESHWATER DEMAND AND ECOSYSTEM STABILITY OF DRY LANDS FRESHWATER DEMAND AND ECOSYSTEM STABILITY OF DRY LANDS Новинка

FRESHWATER DEMAND AND ECOSYSTEM STABILITY OF DRY LANDS

7466 руб.
The book examines the dilemmas that confront the achievement of sustainable development in dry lands. At the heart of this condominium is increasing water needs to satisfy economic development pursuits. This is countered by rapidly changing meteorological conditions associated with climate change that pose significant water supply risks. The result is a clash between capitalist development processes as we have known them through the years, and the objective well-being interests of the present and posterity. Located at center of the great Rift Valley Lake Naivasha is an ideal auditorium for the setting the drama of unbridled economic growth and ecological crises seriously compromise the future. Located in a sub-Saharan African country, Lake Naivasha is a mesh of contrasts. In its vicinity resides poverty amidst wealth, large scale irrigation sharing borders with rain fed agriculture, sedentary lifestyle amidst nomads , human settlement within wildlife. It offers opportunities for immense wealth and sadly poses severe challenges to development. This book reports on the water crises that faces the Naivasha and offers lessons for similar places worldwide.
Water Supply and the Prevalence of Guinea Worm in Savelugu District Water Supply and the Prevalence of Guinea Worm in Savelugu District Новинка

Water Supply and the Prevalence of Guinea Worm in Savelugu District

4468 руб.
Access to potable water still remain an illusion to over one billion people which is manifested in high incidence of water and sanitation related diseases such as guinea worm. With the launch of the Guinea Worm Eradication Programme in 1989, interventions such as the provision of potable water and treatment of unwholesome water before use were pursued. Albeit these interventions, the worm is still prevalent in the Savelugu-Nantong District of Northern Ghana. This work investigated why in spite of the huge investment in water and sanitation facilities, as well as education campaigns, the disease is still persistent. The incidence of guinea worm over space does not relate with the distribution of water facilities; it is more preponderant in the south- eastern corridor and in the major communities where there is potable water. This book examines the relationship between water supply and guinea worm infestations and will be useful for water and sanitation sector stakeholders and practitioners such as staff of District Assemblies, Water and Sanitation Teams, District Health Directorate and the Guinea Worm Eradication Programme.
Seismotectonics and seismic hazard in the Gulf of Aqaba region Seismotectonics and seismic hazard in the Gulf of Aqaba region Новинка

Seismotectonics and seismic hazard in the Gulf of Aqaba region

5576 руб.
Earthquakes in the Gulf of Aqaba were compiled from Jordan Seismological Observatory , Saudi Arabia and Egyptsources and were relocated after reexamining the P and S arrival times, testing the efficiency of stations used to determine the location of Aqaba events, calculating the average value of Vp/ Vs, and choosing the best crustal model for the study area. The earthquake epicenters are distributed along the eastern side of the Gulf of Aqaba. The development of a seismic hazard map of the Gulf of Aqaba was based on probabilistic seismic hazard assessment using historical and instrumental earthquakes data, geology, tectonics. The seismic hazard parameters namely the b-parameter, annual activity rate and upper bound magnitude were determined for each determined seismic zone. The outputted maps of Peak ground acceleration (PGA) values with a 90% probability of not being exceeded in 50 years were determined for the Gulf of Aqaba regions.
Ecosystem Services - the Environmental and Human Relations Ecosystem Services - the Environmental and Human Relations Новинка

Ecosystem Services - the Environmental and Human Relations

3393 руб.
In environmental management it is important to limit environmental costs and ensure proper ecosystem functioning. The issue is important in areas undergoing urbanization. The goal of this paper is to study if legal protection of nature (meaning landscape parks) near the city of Wroclaw (Poland, the Lower Silesia) has an effect on the spatial policy formulated in every commune using the ecosystem services theory. The study involves an analysis of planning documents delineating the spatial policy of communes, with regard to the established ecosystem services, as well as a statistical analysis of the results. Indicative analyses have been used to evaluate the magnitude of the services.
Physical Coastal Oceanography in GCLME Region Physical Coastal Oceanography in GCLME Region Новинка

Physical Coastal Oceanography in GCLME Region

4631 руб.
Most of the big cities in West Africa are located along the coast. These cities are vulnerable due to the climate change. The coastal issues are not understood because few studies have been undertaken due to the lack of limited dataset. During these last ten years, many regional programs (ODINAFRICA, PROPAO) have been implemented to collect in situ data. This study combines the previous data and those acquired by the new equipment to investigate the Gulf of Guinea coastal issues. Harmonic analyses based on three software were performed to determine the harmonic constituents in the aim for tidal prediction. Gaussian filters were applied to altimetry data and tide gauges records for sea level anomalies time series analysis. The tides are well described by the three software. All these packages give globally very similar results of the harmonic constituents. The tide gauges records are well compared to altimetry satellite data along the West African coasts. The rate of sea level increasing is comparable with that observed at global scale. However, the African coasts remain vulnerable due to the lack of adequate prevention systems in the case of extreme marine events.
Enhancement of Heterotrophic Activity by Bacteria Enhancement of Heterotrophic Activity by Bacteria Новинка

Enhancement of Heterotrophic Activity by Bacteria

4468 руб.
The past decade has seen the major development of fish-farming industry, particularly for salmon, in the semi-enclosed coastal marine environment, which are characterized by high nutrient inputs mostly in the form of high protein content food and juvenile to the fish farm, has created some negative impact on the coastal ecosystem and the environment. The heterotrophic microorganisms are the major agents in natural ecosystem to reduce environmental stress, although their activities are also limited by a large number of ambient ecological variables. Our purpose in writing this research book is to bring together concepts and data from different research experiments to provide a foundation, both for understanding the problems we face, and for finding ways to progress toward of an eco-friendly environment. Findings from experiments conducted during different seasons of the year for improvement of eutrophic bottom environments by adding bacteria have been discussed. Method to add bacteria to the system, their source, morphological and physiological characteristics has also been revealed. We hope this book will be an interesting, informative and inspiring resource toward that end.
The Development Stories Of Equatorial Guinea And Botswana The Development Stories Of Equatorial Guinea And Botswana Новинка

The Development Stories Of Equatorial Guinea And Botswana

3204 руб.
What is the interaction between a country’s institutions and its practice of resource exploitation? The Development Stories of Equatorial Guinea and Botswana studies and compares these two countries’ growth acceleration episodes and their vulnerability to the “resource curse” phenomenon following the respective discoveries of diamonds and oil. While Botswana, characterized by inclusive and democratic institutions, succeeded in transferring much of the benefits deriving from the natural resource exploitation to society, Equatorial Guinea’s corrupt government retained all the oil-generated wealth and prevented the population’s standard of living from improving. The book focuses first on comparing the two countries’ development records and on understanding the discrepancy between the two growth acceleration episodes.The second section analyses Public-Private Partnerships’ potential benefits for the developing world via an empirical Game Theoretic methodology. As it will be finally unveiled,the results of this coordination exercise between public and private parties will present very different implications for a democratic country as Botswana and for a corrupt one as Equatorial Guinea.
Of Sea Turtles and Elephant Trees Of Sea Turtles and Elephant Trees Новинка

Of Sea Turtles and Elephant Trees

7466 руб.
Ethnomedicinal research has historically focussed on botanical products, ignoring, by and at large, the records on animal-based medicine. Whenever non-botanical remedies appear on indigenous pharmacopoeias, these are taken with little interest and are explained as de facto - i.e. “They occur because they occur-” This lack of interest impedes ethnobiologists to develop further investigations or theoretical afterthoughts that would enable to articulate ethnomedicinal systems as holistic ecological adaptations. Among non-botanical medicines, those from marine sources hardly receive any mention. This book describes how do botanical and marine medicines relate within an ethnomedicinal knowledge system. In this research, I focussed on Seri ethnomedicine. The Seri are an indigenous group of hunter-gatherers located in the mainland portion of the Central Gulf Region in Sonora, Mexico. Seri posses an extremely pragmatic ethnomedicinal system which provides a rich case for this examination. During a one year long survey in a Seri village, and aided by 67 Seri collaborators, I came to the conclusion that Seri marine and terrestrial medicines are part of a single body of medicinal knowledge.
Superiority of open air confinement of the Helmeted Guinea Fowl Superiority of open air confinement of the Helmeted Guinea Fowl Новинка

Superiority of open air confinement of the Helmeted Guinea Fowl

4550 руб.
Growth pattern of helmeted guinea fowl keets was studied in an open air system (OAS) and a deep litter system (DLS). A common growth pattern was obtained in both systems indicating that the birds can be reared successfully for meat production in either of the two systems. Reproductive parameters and levels of circulating estradiol, progesterone, testosterone and luteinizing hormone (LH) were studied in adult helmeted guinea fowl in the OAS and DLS. Reproductive cycles were obtained in the OAS during rainy seasons. Egg fertility was 35% and hatch rate of fertile eggs was 89%. Females in the OAS had high estradiol, progesterone and LH during wet seasons. Testosterone in males and females as well as LH in males had the reverse trend. Guinea fowl in the DLS had less pronounced seasonal fluctuations in hormone levels and did not reproduce at all. The OAS was therefore found to be superior to the DLS in supporting reproduction.
Women in the Gulf: An Assessment of Bahrain and Saudi Arabia Women in the Gulf: An Assessment of Bahrain and Saudi Arabia Новинка

Women in the Gulf: An Assessment of Bahrain and Saudi Arabia

9565 руб.
Middle Eastern women, in general, and those belonging to the Gulf region in particular are most often viewed with certain preset perceptions and cliched views. These women are envisioned as the less than privileged strata in their individual countries. These views are a result of a conventional image, possibly a result of a faulty outlook provided for by sources influenced by both domestic and external factors. This book examines such assertions, using as case studies, two countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) namely Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. Through the assistance of the various chapters, it was deduced that though the essential nature of the states in question is similar, prominent differences exists that shape the way they formulate their state policies. Each chapter analysed a different aspect that is an integral part of any given state system to evaluate the status provided to women in these selected areas to present a fair comparison between the chosen states. A thorough analysis of these claims assisted in deriving at a valid result and alongside supporting the ensuing conclusion.
The Gulf War, 1990-91 The Gulf War, 1990-91 Новинка

The Gulf War, 1990-91

2428 руб.
In August 1990, Saddam Hussein's Iraqi forces boldly invaded and occupied neighboring Kuwait. It was a move that shocked the world and threatened the interests of those countries, such as the USA and the nations of Europe, dependent on oil from the Middle East. The ensuing Gulf War signaled, for many, a new dawn in warfare: one based upon lethal technology, low casualties, and quick decisive victory.Incorporating the latest scholarship, William Thomas Allison provides a concise overview of the origins, key events and legacy of the first Gulf War, as well as the major issues and debates. Allison also examines the relevance of this war to other twentieth-century conflicts and the ongoing situation in the region.
The Politics of United States' Africa Command [AFRICOM] The Politics of United States' Africa Command [AFRICOM] Новинка

The Politics of United States' Africa Command [AFRICOM]

5380 руб.
The expanding U.S. oil demands on the Gulf of Guinea have become overwhelming. Hence, the strategic need for the U.S. to effectively sustain oil flows from the Guinean Gulf as well as surmount the existing militant threats therein are medley of events which saw to the birth of AFRICOM in October, 2008. The study unraveled that any U.S military intervention in the oil region will inversely intensify and expand militant activities to a higher proportion and also magnet some anti-U.S terrorist groups into Nigeria. This may degenerate to the destabilization of the country in which the U.S. may choose to promote balkanization for its own oil interest. Further, any presence of AFRICOM in the country will necessarily subjugate and overwhelm the national defense role of the Nigerian military, and as well, automatically warrant the relinquishment of Nigeria’s military intelligence to America. In view of this, we suggested, a non-military U.S. involvement, through the redirection of the billions of US dollars, budgeted for AFRICOM’s operations, towards a multidimensional development paradigm in the Niger Delta, in order to guarantee sustainable peace and business friendly environment.
Maritime Piracy in the Gulf of Aden: Threats and Implications Maritime Piracy in the Gulf of Aden: Threats and Implications Новинка

Maritime Piracy in the Gulf of Aden: Threats and Implications

5918 руб.
It is said that, blood is thicker than water but water is the bench mark for all viscosity's; it binds us defines us and some times even curses us. One such curse of a prehistoric nature is the maritime piracy. It has been a threat to merchant shipping since ages and up to date remains a global irritant. Currently, maritime piracy in the Gulf of Aden has emerged as one of the biggest economic, political and military threat in these strategically important waters.This book,therefore, provides a dimension to dealing with the issue objectively. It sheds light on how a failed state status can convert into a 'cancer' for the regional and global community. The analysis should help shed some light on the issue with a new perspective of the economic, political and legal dimension of the issue; thus pursuing a triangular approach. This should be equally useful to professionals, academicians and students alike.
From Cape Cod to the Bay of Fundy – An Environmental Atlas of the Gulf of Maine From Cape Cod to the Bay of Fundy – An Environmental Atlas of the Gulf of Maine Новинка

From Cape Cod to the Bay of Fundy – An Environmental Atlas of the Gulf of Maine

3569 руб.
From Cape Cod to the Bay of Fundy – An Environmental Atlas of the Gulf of Maine
The Gulf War, 1990-91 The Gulf War, 1990-91 Новинка

The Gulf War, 1990-91

7623 руб.
In August 1990, Saddam Hussein's Iraqi forces boldly invaded and occupied neighboring Kuwait. It was a move that shocked the world and threatened the interests of those countries, such as the USA and the nations of Europe, dependent on oil from the Middle East. The ensuing Gulf War signaled, for many, a new dawn in warfare: one based upon lethal technology, low casualties, and quick decisive victory.Incorporating the latest scholarship, William Thomas Allison provides a concise overview of the origins, key events and legacy of the first Gulf War, as well as the major issues and debates. Allison also examines the relevance of this war to other twentieth-century conflicts and the ongoing situation in the region.
Ecosystem Condition Modeling Using Machine Learning Tools Ecosystem Condition Modeling Using Machine Learning Tools Новинка

Ecosystem Condition Modeling Using Machine Learning Tools

5283 руб.
There are a lot of different prediction methods exist in our days. Many of them work well in a specific situation. But when the situation deals with the big volume of data and complicated classification analysis there is a good opportunity to use the machine learning for the prediction. Previously there were a lot of different ways of the machine learning applying in the ecological modeling and prediction. But the method of the ecosystem condition modeling by the geofields analysis wasn't applied for the artificial intelligence. Previously such kind of the classification was made only by the human expert. The described method automatizes expert analysis of this problem and adds a new kind of the application of the machine learning in the environmental science. In this work the method of the ecosystem stability level assessment using machine learning methods was developed. It combines ways of the data preprocessing for the solving of this problem and the using of concrete algorithms for the best modeling of the process. The final model significance was around 80% in different testing datasets.
The Absence of Grand Strategy – The United States in the Persian Gulf, 1972–2005 The Absence of Grand Strategy – The United States in the Persian Gulf, 1972–2005 Новинка

The Absence of Grand Strategy – The United States in the Persian Gulf, 1972–2005

1966 руб.
The Absence of Grand Strategy – The United States in the Persian Gulf, 1972–2005
Ecosystem Function of Rehabilitated Slimes Dams at Mhangura Mine Ecosystem Function of Rehabilitated Slimes Dams at Mhangura Mine Новинка

Ecosystem Function of Rehabilitated Slimes Dams at Mhangura Mine

5283 руб.
The success of rehabilitation is usually assessed through visual inspection of vegetation establishment. However, such methods ignore the ecosystem functionality of the rehabilitated landscapes. This work describes how the Landscape Function Analysis (LFA) method can be applied to evaluate rehabilitation progress and measure success as exemplified through a systematic assessment of Mhangura Copper Mine tailings in Zimbabwe. Vegetation recovery is also tracked through primary productivity trends using NDVI as an indicator. Useful for all interested in assessment of rehabilitated mined lands.
The Absence of Grand Strategy – The United States in the Persian Gulf 1972–2005 The Absence of Grand Strategy – The United States in the Persian Gulf 1972–2005 Новинка

The Absence of Grand Strategy – The United States in the Persian Gulf 1972–2005

4349 руб.
The Absence of Grand Strategy – The United States in the Persian Gulf 1972–2005
Structural Setting of El Qaa Half Graben, Gulf of Suez Rift, Egypt Structural Setting of El Qaa Half Graben, Gulf of Suez Rift, Egypt Новинка

Structural Setting of El Qaa Half Graben, Gulf of Suez Rift, Egypt

3960 руб.
This book focuses on the structural setting of the well known "El Qaa Fault Block" which is a NE-dipping block in the eastern side of the Gulf of Suez rift, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. The Gulf of Suez rift is the northwestern arm of the Oligo-Miocene Red Sea rift. The structural model presented in this study involves the young age of the oblique faults relative to the rift-parallel (Clysmic) faults and their relation to the movement on the Dead Sea transform.
This Gulf of Time and Stars This Gulf of Time and Stars Новинка

This Gulf of Time and Stars

683 руб.
To save their alien world, the Om'ray left home, renamed themselves the Clan, and settled among humanity, hiding in plain sight. But they are no longer hidden. The Clan's reproduction is tied to individual power and their latest generation of females, Choosers, are too strong to safely mate. Sira di Sarc, their leader joins with a human starship captain for answers. But as Sira's people are dying all around her, and with war about to consume the Trade pact, Sira will be left with only one choice. She must find the way back. And take the Clan home.

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We humans like to define where we are going by defining where we are. This perspective represents an important problem in natural sciences because when we measure how much an ecosystem or area has changed, we generally compare it with its condition a few years ago. The risk is that each time that this is done, the baseline of our comparison may have drifted further and further away from the original starting point, impairing the true magnitude of past environmental changes. In this book, we present a multidisciplinary work to reconstruct for first time the past upper Gulf of California ecosystem (Mexico) for three key periods of time, 1900, 1940 & 2000 to determine the role of nutrients and sediments delivered by the Colorado River in the structure and function of this ecosystem. The reconstruction of the upper Gulf of California is based on mass-balance models (Ecopath with Ecosim) which include Local Environmental Knowledge from the fishing communities of this region in an attempt to quantify important losses of abundance and diversity over the past 50 years. This book presents material that proves that human intervention can trigger rapid and significant changes in the functio
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