off farm labour drift in sub saharan africa




Emerole Christopher Gender Gaps in Income and Labour to Farms and Labour Market in Nigeria

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4802 руб.
Traditionally, households in developing economies have remained source(s)of labour to farms and off-farms.Gaps however, have existed on issues associated with gender on supply of labour to units where such labour are needed.This study empirically has estimated Full-time equivalence of supplied labour and their associated incomes in farms and rural off-farm works.The investigation is a treatise that not only exposed factors that influenced labour supplies along gender lines to farms and off-farm jobs but estimated gender differences in incomes earned by households.It is a study that will be of great value to researchers on gender issues, and advocates of workers' welfare, and policy makers in their efforts to curb indolence and harmonize farm and off-farm labour management.

Higher Education in Development. Lessons from Sub Saharan Africa

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6202 руб.
This book will interest readers learning about or developing strategies for improving higher educationsystems and institutions in developing countries.It provides an insight into sub-Saharan African higher education systems and sets out the ways that they aredeveloping and changing. It explores the dilemmas inherent in a context of scarce resources with increasingand urgent demands for a more professionalized workforce and expert services. It examines the factorsinhibiting development such as HIV/AIDS, gender issues, historical conflicts, cultural attitudes inimical toinnovation, the challenges created by poor infrastructure, and the history of colonialism and authoritarianismand their legacy of centralized control and lack of autonomy and democracy.The book explores lessons from research into sub-Saharan African higher education that may be applied to other contexts. The authors have lived andworked in sub-Saharan Africa and the book draws on the authors' personal experience of higher education in Zambia, Ethiopia, The Yemen and theirlinks in Mozambique and South Africa as well as extensive senior management experience and at the highest level within sub-Saharan highereducation systems. It uses actual examples and a reflective 'case study' approach to describe reforms, and from these, develops ideas as to how toimprove the effectiveness of higher education as a means to fight poverty.The book explores lessons from research into sub-Saharan African higher educatio...

Isobyl La Croix, Eric La Croix African Orchids in the Wild and in Cultivation

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3177 руб.
Covers the orchids of sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Madagascar and other Indian Ocean islands, but including the islands off the west coast of the continent. This is a black-and-white edition.

Contemporary Issues in Mental Health Care in sub-Saharan Africa

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4452 руб.
Seventy percent of the global burden of mental disorders is located in low and middle income countries (LMIC),including sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, in Africa,only 0.62% of the national health budget is allocated to mental health compared to a global median of 2.8% and 5% in Europe. The government is the source of funding in 62%of patients with severe mental disorder in the World Health Organisation (WHO), Africa Region, the lowest of all the WHO regions, and lower compared to a global median of 79%. This is compounded by poor resources, with mental health outpatient facilities in WHO Africa Region being less that 10% of the global median. To address these problems, the WHO launched its Mental Health Action Gap Programme (mhGAP) in 2008, to scale-up mental health services in low and middle income countries (LMIC). The book is directed to all policy makers in sub-Saharan Africa to aid decision making about the urgent need for sustainable and relevant mental health care strategies, and the important areas that need priority. The book should be helpful to local and international researchers in formulating research questions relevant to the African continent and it will be of interest to medical practitioners and students in the region as adjunct to standard text books.

Paul Makocho Developing Effective Policies for HIV/AIDS Education practice in Sub Saharan Africa. The Case of Urban Schools of Malawi: A synergy of pupils needs, policies and practice

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7989 руб.
HIV/AIDS has been named the Sub Saharan disease. In countries that have achieved significant declines in HIV prevalence, young people have registered the biggest behavioural changes. It means they hold the keys not only to our understanding of the epidemic, but more importantly, to the efforts required to stem the tide of infections. However, the majority of young people are ignorant of how to prevent transmission, have low compliance to condom use, which is in some cases accentuated by misconceptions about HIV/AIDS transmission and have insufficient knowledge regarding transmission and avoidance behaviours. As such, consensus on feasible preventive interventions target young people, particularly those in schools. It is on this premise that the book unlocks the key pillars in effective HIV/AIDS education policies and practices.The study has drawn upon the experiences of selected Urban Schools in Malawi to explore the needs of young people in classroom, the extent to which the classroom practices respond to the needs, and the factors influencing these using questionnaires, interviews, lesson observations, and document analysis. Malawi typically represents most Sub Saharan African countries in terms of challenges faced by education systems. Given the similar cultural settings of the people of Sub Saharan Africa, the findings and recommendations of the study generalises to the education systems of Sub Saharan Africa to a greater extent. The book shows the need for open discussio...

Bondarenko Dmitry M., Gratz Tilo, Scalnic Petr Social Evolution and History. Volume 13. Number 2

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517 руб.
SOCIAL EVOLUTION AND HISTORY. Studies in the Evolution of Human Societies. Volume 13, Number 2 / September 2014 Anthropology, History and Memory in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Memoriam Michel Izard Special Issue

Nkonge Gatwiri Plight of alternative primary schools in providing basic education

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5902 руб.
More than half population of out of school children in the world live in Sub-Saharan Africa countries. Kenya, one of the Sub-Saharan Africa countries, 1,010,000 children are still out of school. The government of Kenya implemented APBET policy in 2009 to support Alternative primary schools which emerged in ASALs and informal settlement areas to provide primary education to children not enrolled in formal primary schools. Statistics reveal that 70% of the children population of primary school age in Mathare Constituency; an informal settlement in Kenya is neither enrolled in formal public primary schools nor in the alternative primary schools. The study sought to find out correlation between socio-economic and institutional based determinants and access and participation to alternative primary schools in Mathare Constituency.

Bridget Medley The Stars Are Different. My Safari

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1189 руб.
This is the story of my life as a journey and a rite of passage. This safari encompasses my ancestral roots, education, work and some of my journeys. I include adventures in England, Ireland, the Balkans, Uzbekistan and sub-Saharan Africa.

Abebe Azene Akelate The Current Account-Budget Deficits Link

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9602 руб.
Many economists have argued that prolonged fiscal expansions contribute to current account imbalances. The purpose of this work is to explore this phenomenon in the case of Sub-Saharan Africa countries during the period 1980 to 2007. In the framework of panel cointegration test, panel VAR Granger Causality analysis and a reduced-form consumption function, this work tries to evaluate the validity of the conventional (Keynesian) view and the Ricardian Equivalence Hypothesis (the link between the twin deficits) in two groups of Sub-Saharan Africa countries: Oil importing and Oil exporting economies. The findings of this work would help policy makers and planners in managing deficits based on the direction of causation. It also triggers interested researchers in the area to inquire further about the issue.

Territoriality, Citizenship and Peacebuilding. Perspectives on Challenges to Peace in Africa

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5564 руб.
Civil conflicts in Africa range from few interstate wars to several intrastate conflicts characterized by secessionist movements, irredentism, coups and counter coups, genocide, wars of liberation to resource-based wars. The varied causes of conflicts in the continent's diverse and complex social formations are seen in ethnic terms and include struggles for economic/environmental resources, poor institutions of governance and issues of identity such as religion, language and racial differences. The core issue addressed in this volume is how to understand and explain the structural and analytical reasons for persistent civil conflicts in Africa. The core assumption is that most civil conflicts in Africa erupt largely because of the nature of state formation in the continent. Other significant variables that are explored as explanations for the persistent instances of civil conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa and the slow efforts at nation-building across the continent include issues of territoriality, climate change, ethnicity, ideological incongruities, institutional problems, the nature of postcolonial state, unreformed governance and economic structures, and corruption. This book also examines some sources of unresolved issues of territoriality and explains their connections to political violence and socio-political and cultural tensions across sub-Saharan Africa. It offers suggestions on how scholarly research and policies could help mediate if not mitigate future territor...

Malaria and Poverty in Africa

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5077 руб.
Malaria is a serious health and economic problem in Africa, afflicting more than half of the continent's population. Although HICV/AIDS, TB and nutritional deficiencies pose major development problems on the continent, the challenges presented by malaria are of a different kind, because the disease is widespread, persistent and grossly underestimated by the general population. The importance of malaria, along with HIV/AIDS and other diseases in the development agenda, is now recognised in Goal 6 of the Millennium Goals. This book provides the evidence required to design and implement malaria control strategies in Africa. The chapters analyse the nexus between poverty and malaria with a focus on policies that can be implemented at various levels of society to fight the disease. Malaria and Poverty in Africa is the outcome of a research sponsored by the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC). Augustin Kwasi Fosu is the Director, Economic Division of the United Nations Commision for Africa, Addis Ababa, and former Director of Research at the AERC, Nairobi. Germano Mwabu is Professor of Economics at the University of Nairobi. He was co-director of the AERC project on Poverty Income Distribution and Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Taddia Irma Horn of Africa 20th Century

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3564 руб.
In the last decades, the Horn of Africa has been stigmatized as one of the most unstable regions in the world with no place for peace-building, institution building, or democratic processes.This volume deals with Eritrea in the context of recent political developments in the Horn of Africa and neighboring countries. The author analyzes the emergence of nationalism and the political struggle in Eritrea while trying to identify the main dynamics of state formation and the role of colonialism according to different scholarly perspectives. Twenty years later, Eritrea has received a great deal of attention and an international debate is still ongoing. This gives a new contribution to the dynamics of sub-Saharan Africa.

Kai Mikkonen Narrative Paths. African Travel in Modern Fiction and Nonfiction

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3802 руб.
In Narrative Paths: African Travel in Modern Fiction and Nonfiction, Kai Mikkonen argues that early twentieth-century European travel writing, journal keeping, and fiction converged and mutually influenced each other in ways that inform current debates about the fiction-nonfiction distinction. Turning to narratives set in sub-Saharan Africa, Mikkonen identifies five main dimensions of interplay between fiction and nonfiction: the experiential frame of the journey, the redefinition of the language and objective of description, the shared cultural givens and colonial notions concerning sub-Saharan Africa, the theme of narrativisation, and the issue of virtual genres. Narrative Paths reveals the important role that travel played as a frame in these modernist fictions as well as the crucial ways that nonfiction travel narratives appropriated fictional strategies. Narrative Paths contributes to debates in narratology and rhetorical narrative theory about the fiction-nonfiction distinction. With chapters on a wide range of modernist authors-from Pierre Loti, André Gide, Michel Leiris, and Georges Simenon to Blaise Cendrars, Louis-Ferdinand Céline, Joseph Conrad, Graham Greene, Evelyn Waugh, and Isak Dinesen (Karen Blixen)-Mikkonen's study also contributes to postcolonial approaches to these authors, examining issues of representation, narrative voice, and authority in narratives about colonial Africa.

Erika Machacek Sustainable Development in Western Anglophone Africa

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3752 руб.
Diploma Thesis from the year 2007 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: Gut, University of applied sciences (IMC University of Applied Sciences Krems), course: International Law, language: English, abstract: Sustainable development has been on the international agenda since the 1970s and there is general agreement that this topic is of international concern for the global community, also with a view to its interlinks with and affects on poverty.The demand for concrete objectives to tackle the many faces of poverty was met by the creation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which are intended to be met by the year 2015 and are expected to lift a large number of people out of poverty. A total of eight goals and eighteen targets address challenges such as nutrition, education, health, gender equality, environmental sustainability and global partnerships. Continuous progress has been achieved so far in most of the world's regions except for Sub-Saharan Africa.Many economies in Sub-Saharan Africa are dominated by extractive industries. With this background, MDG 7, ensuring environmental sustainability, in particular Target 9, concerned with reversing the loss of natural resources, is of particular relevance in this region. West Africa, especially the former British colonies, has extensive natural tropical forest resources which need to be managed sustainably not only to prevent the extinction of biodiversity and species ...

Harvey C. Chidoba Banda Perspectives of Labour Migration from Mzimba District, Malawi, to South Africa

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3502 руб.
Labour migration from Malawi to South Africa is a ‘century-old phenomenon’. It dates as far back as the 1880s following the establishment of diamond and gold mines. In the period up to the 1980s, this migration took either formal or informal nature whereas in the post-1990 period it became exclusively informal, popularly known as selufu in Malawi. This book is an attempt to shed light on both forms of migration over time. By using the case of Mzimba, one of the major labour migration districts in Malawi, Perspectives of Labour Migration shows that migration, especially in the post-1990 period, remains a preoccupation of the different categories of both men and women in selected areas in the country. A cross-section of Malawians continue to regard emigration to South Africa as a means to an end: a way of fulfilling their heart-felt and life-time goals at household and societal levels. Because of their distinguished and unparalleled determination, these labour migrants continue to ‘flock’ to South Africa in the midst of such challenges as xenophobia, crime, arrests and deportations. The book advances the argument that Malawian labour migrants are purposive and rational human beings who are ready to overcome these challenges, at times using the most improbable means, for example, through the use of mankhwala gha mwabi (luck medicine).

Fidelis Etah Ewane Aid and conditionality. Enhancing good governance in sub-Saharan Africa

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1789 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2004 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: Merit, University of Kent, 55 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The persistent low state of development in sub-Saharan Africa has become a global challenge. Academics and think-tanks continue to search for solutions to Africa's longstanding problems. Studies have proven that the entire region is essentially confronted with a crisis of social structures and government and the fragmentation of authority is the hallmark of this crisis (Van Hoyweghen & Smis, 2002:575). Over twenty-four million people are infected with AIDS/HIV, growth of per capita income is low and civil wars have killed millions in Rwanda, Burundi, Liberia, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of Congo. African governments owe billions of dollars in debt (Polanyi, 2003:563). This irreversible trend brought the good governance discourse in development cooperation between the donors and African counterparts.The purpose of this paper is to examine how the concept of good governance is being implemented in Africa. For clarity purposes, the work is limited to the analysis of the efforts being made by the European Union (EU) and the World Bank in assisting African countries to implement good governance. This choice is based on the fact that the EU and World Bank are the main multilateral aid donors and development partners of the region. It argues that good governance en...

Saba Hailemeskel Desta, Gail Davey Perception of HIV/AIDS Risk . Intention to Adopt Preventive Behaviors

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8864 руб.
As Sub-Saharan Africa continues to claim the lion's share of the world's HIV burden, it is crucial to shed some light on the types of sexual behaviors and the underlying factors influencing these behaviors in relation to HIV/AIDS in this particular part of the world. Even though the relationship between sexual behaviors and HIV/AIDS has garnered a lot of attention and many researches have been conducted in the area, comprehensive knowledge is still inadequate in Sub-Saharan countries partially explaining the staggering incidence rate despite enormous investment focused on prevention. Given the paramount economic and social impact of HIV in Africa as a result of its drastic effect on the young and productive part of the society, studies specifically targeting this age group can unravel a wealth of information essential for intervention. This book closely examines perception of risk of HIV/AIDS and intention to adopt preventive behaviors among students in Dire Dawa University in Ethiopia.

Hussein Lesio Kidanto Medical audits in developing countries

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9202 руб.
In developing countries perinatal mortality rate (PMR ) has continues to represent a huge burden it is five times higher in developing than developed countries. Each year at least 3.3 million babies are stillborn, more than 4 million die within 28 days of birth, and a further 6.6 million young children die before their fifth birthday. The highest PMR are reported from sub - Saharan Africa (about 80 per 1000 births ), followed by Asia and Latin America (UNICEF 2008). In sub - Saharan Africa alone 1.2 million babies die in the first month of life and another million babies are stillborn each year. In Western Europe, neonatal and infant mortality has declined during the last 30 years to 4-6 per 1000 births . The improvement is Primarily due to improved socio -economic and living conditions , nutrition of pregnant women and advancements in obstetric and neonatal care. This book Describes measures that can be instituted to help decrease the burden of perinatal mortality through use of medical audit.

Eyasu Desta Menamo Impact of Household Food Insecurity on Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy (Art) Among Urban Plhiv. The Case of Hawassa City, Snnpr State, Ethiopia

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8202 руб.
HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome," has become one of the world's most serious health and development challenges, since the first cases were reported in 1981: At the end of 2010, an estimated 34 million people were living with HIV globally, including 3.4 million children less than 15 years. The number of people newly infected in 2010 was 2.7 million. Almost all of those living with HIV (97%) reside in low and middle income countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa remained the most affected region in the global AIDS epidemic. This regions accounts more than two third (68%) of people living with HIV. Most children with HIV live in this region. Globally, the annual numbers of people newly infected with HIV continues to decline (Global HIV/AIDS Response progress report, 2011).

Fertility Decline in Developing Countries, 1960-1997: An Annotated Bibliography

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6640 руб.
With the emergence of fertility declines in the greater part of the developing world, study of the phenomenon has increased profoundly over the last three decades, and a voluminous amount of literature has emerged. Yet our knowledge of the decline is scattered in numerous publications, making sources difficult to find. This bibliography provides a guide to the literature on fertility decline in Latin America, Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa. It will be an invaluable asset for population experts and students wishing to do research on fertility decline. Covering the literature from 1960 to 1997, the book draws on extensive sources including books, articles in leading population journals, research papers, and dissertations. The opening chapter covers the literature on theories and concepts underlying fertility decline. The next three chapters are devoted to the major geographical areas-Latin America, Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa-and the final chapter looks at general literature on fertility declines in developing countries.

Dhanedhar Manisha, Narwade Sunil Tribal Malnutrition in India

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9064 руб.
The present book studies malnutrition among tribal women and children in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India. Most of the malnourished children of the world live in Africa and Asia. Child malnutrition rates in South Asia are much worse than in Sub-Saharan Africa. India has high proportion of women and children malnutrition. Hunger and Malnutrition Survey Report observed that most of the children in India are undernourished. Though Maharashtra is known as one of the most developed states in India, severe incidences of malnourishment are observed in the state of Maharashtra. The present study is about malnutrition among tribal women and children in the kannad taluka of Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. We observed that most of children and their mothers were malnourished. We also found that large number of mothers had early marriages and pre-matured pregnancy.

Robert Rotberg Africa Emerges. Consummate Challenges, Abundant Opportunities

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5277.02 руб.
Sub-Saharan Africa is no longer a troubled ‘dark continent.’ Most of its constituent countries are now enjoying significant economic growth and political progress. The new Africa has begun to banish the miseries of the past, and appears ready to play an important role in world affairs. Thanks to shifts in leadership and governance, an African renaissance could be at hand. Yet the road ahead is not without obstacles. As world renowned expert on African affairs, Robert Rotberg, expertly shows, Africa today maybe poised to deliver real rewards to its long suffering citizens but it faces critical new crises as well as abundant new opportunities. Africa Emerges draws on a wealth of empirical data to explore the key challenges Africa must overcome in the coming decades. From peacekeeping to health and disease, from energy needs to education, this illuminating analysis diagnoses the remaining impediments Africa will need to surmount if it is to emerge in 2050 as a prosperous, peaceful, dynamic collection of robust large and small nations. Africa Emerges offers an unparalleled guide for all those interested in the dynamics of modern Africa’s political, economic, and social development.

Leonard Akwany Potential Impacts of Biofuels in Africa

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8927 руб.
This book covers potential impact of biofuels in Sub-Saharan Africa, specifically Malawi. The production and processing of biofuels in Malawi has potential environmental and socio-economic benefits and risks. This must be strategically assessed to ensure sustainability and reduction or elimination of impacts on its natural resources. There is no framework in terms of policies, legislations and institutions to roll out sustainable biofuel sub-sector in terms of regulations, standards, certification, incentives and public-private partnerships. Biofuels is assumed to be tackled under other sectoral policies such as energy, agriculture, water and trade but these policies are either blind or mention biofuels under renewable energy with no specific plan for the biofuel sub-sector. Thus need to integrate biofuel sub-sector in the economy of Malawi to actualise its sustainability. The book is suitable for researchers, policy makers, academicians and students interested in biomass related renewable energy and their impact on natural resource base.

Yannick Rust Can the Millennium Development Goals Contribute to Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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5364 руб.
Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich VWL - Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen, , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: On the basis of this prediction this paper will assess whether the United Nations´ development agenda - the Millennium Development Goals - could provide a pathway in achieving this keen target and herald an era of bold ambition to solve one of the world´s most urging problems. The MDGs comprise eight global objectives, one of them "The eradication of worldwide poverty", which is being measured by a set of economic indicators in order to derive respective strategies for halving destitution between 1990 and 2015. In the course of this work the success and shortfall of the implemented strategies will be analyzed for Sub - Saharan Africa, the region where the greatest share of the world´s poor reside. Furthermore, the chances and deficits that global development agenda such as the MDGs exhibit will be taken into deeper consideration highlighting the needs of the development assistance of the years to come. Ultimately, the future efforts of international institutions, governments and nongovernmental organizations with reference to poverty alleviation will be outlined and evaluated as far as Mr. Kim´s statement of ending poverty within a generation can be realized.

Thidar Pyone The role of contemporary childbirth assistance strategies

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8927 руб.
Globally, half a million of women die every year from pregnancy related causes. Since 1987, two major safe motherhood initiatives have been developed to solve the problem. Firstly, large scale training of Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) was recommended. Secondly, the focus was shifted to skilled birth attendants with EmOC (Emergency Obstetric Care). However, over the last two decades, little progress has been made since the coverage of skilled attendants at birth is less than 50% in sub Saharan Africa. EmOC coverage is even lower. Thus, in reality less than half of women avail themselves to the recommended strategy instead relying on other complementary birth assistance and seeking help from previous TBAs. This book, therefore, is questioning the existing strategy as well as recent attempts to overcome the current" outreach gap" on childbirth assistance in sub Saharan Africa. The study has used systematic review method developed by the Cochrane collaboration. It included 23 studies from comprehensive search of seven electronic databases. The review would help highlighting the gaps of implementing the recommended childbirth assistance strategy in resource limited situations.

Dike Kelechi Kingsley Asylum of Empires

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3414 руб.
As to all the untold conditions forcing thousands of sub-Saharan African youths engage the dangerous journey to reach Europe, Asylum of empires; in assimilating language explores from the eyes of one man in a fascinating tragic adventure.

Ashok Taradale Economic Development and Labour Transition in India

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2214 руб.
Document from the year 2017 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: 9, , language: English, abstract: Currently in India we are observing that the number of labours are shifting from agriculture sector to other sectors of economy. The labour transition occurs due to several reasons one of the main reason is that the fixed wage rate in other sectors as compared to agriculture sector. In this context the Lewis model provides a good framework for explaining the ways in which the fruits of economic development are spread. Lewis divided developing economy into two sectors: subsistence and capital sector. He assumed that the subsistence sector was characterised by surplus labour and low real wages whereas capital sector characterised by capital intensive production and higher real wages. If we transfer excess labour from agriculture to capital sector it will not affect the production and productivity of subsistence sector and it will increase the production in capital sector which will help in development of economy. Lewis' model is mainly applicable surplus labour countries. If we take the example of China, Africa, Cambodia and Vietnam which have evidenced the Lewis model we can compare the India with those countries .China, Africa, Cambodia and Vietnam were gone through enormous labour transition which helped in the development of economy of the respective countries. Migration of workforce in India characterised by a shift of predominant share of agriculture to ma...

Murphy James T. Africa's Information Revolution. Technical Regimes and Production Networks in South Africa and Tanzania

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6785.82 руб.
Africa’s Information Revolution was recently announced as the 2016 prizewinner of the Royal Academy for Overseas Sciences – congratulations to the authors James T. Murphy and Padraig Carmody! Africa’s Information Revolution presents an in-depth examination of the development and economic geographies accompanying the rapid diffusion of new ICTs in Sub-Saharan Africa. Represents the first book-length comparative case study ICT diffusion in Africa of its kind Confronts current information and communication technologies for development (ICT4D) discourse by providing a counter to largely optimistic mainstream perspectives on Africa’s prospects for m- and e-development Features comparative research based on more than 200 interviews with firms from a manufacturing and service industry in Tanzania and South Africa Raises key insights regarding the structural challenges facing Africa even in the context of the continent’s recent economic growth spurt Combines perspectives from economic and development geography and science and technology studies to demonstrate the power of integrated conceptual-theoretical frameworks Include maps, photos, diagrams and tables to highlight the concepts, field research settings, and key findings

John Buchan The First World War in Africa 1914-1918. Togoland, South-West Africa, the Cameroons . East Africa

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1752 руб.
A unique assessment of the Great War in sub-Saharan Africa in all its theatresThe great conflict fought between 1914 and 1918 set Europe ablaze, but, as the definition of ‘world war’ implies, embraced battlefields where the colonial interests of the protagonist nations inevitably collided. How this occurred on the continent of Africa has always fascinated military history students of the period, not least because these campaigns unconfined by the stagnation of trench warfare, as was the case on the Western Front, were fought over exotic terrains by national, militia and native forces often commanded by able and imaginative officers on both sides. Much focus has been given to the campaigns in East Africa, which features in detail in this book, but also included is the campaign fought in the arid landscape of South-West Africa (now Namibia) and those which took place in Equatorial Togoland (Ghana Volta) and The Cameroons in West Africa. The ‘South African Rebellion’ is also described. The author of this book, John Buchan, a writer of great talent and economy of phrase, was primarily known for his superlative adventure fiction. However, he was commissioned to write a multi-volume history of the First World War which enabled him to reveal his talent as an historian and from which this single volume edition has been selectively edited. Buchan’s text, appearing in this form for the first time in this Leonaur edition, includes many excellent maps and has been further enhanced by pho...

Mike Morris, Rapheal Kaplinsky, David Kaplan One Thing Leads to Another. Promoting Industrialisation by Making the Most of the Commodity Boom in Sub-Saharan Africa

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1139 руб.
Over the past four decades, policy makers and stakeholders have struggled with the challenge of promoting industrial development in low and middle-income economies in general, and in sub-Saharan African (SSA) in particular. With the rise of the Asian Drivers (China and India) and their increase in demand for raw materials to fuel growth, the turn of the millennium saw a commodity price super-cycle emerge, benefiting a number of resource rich countries in SSA. Faced with the specter of the Resource Curse, this book examines an industrial pathway where countries can "Make the Most of Commodities." Bringing together ground-breaking research in the commodity sectors, this book uses case-studies to explore conduits for industrial development, focusing on backward and forward linkages, with policy advice for both governments and corporate sectors.

Isabel Ortiz, Loveleen De, Valérie Schmitt Social Protection Floors Volume 3

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1114 руб.
This volume describes mechanisms to build social protection floors, such as a national dialogue in Myanmar, reaching rural dwellers in South Africa, worker facilitation centres in India, single window services in Mongolia, legal systems in Brazil and South Africa, labour inspection in China, registration in Colombia and Thailand and several innovations in financing social protection in Bolivia, Ecuador, Indonesia and Zambia.The volumes in this ILO series present best country experiences, useful for South-South learning, for practitioners, and to provide the basis for better informed policy-making.

Robin Niblett America and a Changed World. A Question of Leadership

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2107.27 руб.
Looking at a range of themes and regions, this book provides a challenging basis for rethinking America’s international leadership. Chatham House experts assess current US policy and the country’s ability to continue to play an international leading role. A timely exploration as President Barack Obama attempts to renew America’s global leadership. Broad range of contributors including Annette Bohr (Central Asia), Victor Bulmer-Thomas (Latin America), Alex Vines and Tom Cargill (Sub-Saharan Africa), Paul Cornish (Arms control), Paola Subacchi (Economics), Kerry Brown (China) and James Sherr (Russia).

Harvey C. Banda Migration from Malawi to South Africa. A Historical and Cultural Novel

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3514 руб.
Since the discovery and exploitation of minerals like gold, diamond and copper in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Zambia in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Malawi has played the role of a labour supplier. Malawians were attracted by the relatively higher wages obtaining in the South African mines up to the period of the decline in mine migrancy at the end of the 1980s. Following this decline, a cross-section of Malawians continued to emigrate to South Africa to seek various jobs in the burgeoning informal sector and also for trade purposes. Migration from Malawi to South Africa sheds light on the problems that labour migrants and traders encounter as they are ‘toing’ and ‘froing’ between Malawi and South Africa in pursuit of their respective goals. It shows that migration, which initially was exclusively done for wage employment, is becoming more complex by the day. This is a result of the infusion of elements of commercial migration, smuggling and human trafficking. The book advances the argument that the numbers of migrants to South Africa increased in the post-1994 period partly as a result of mal-administration by the successive democratically-elected governments in Malawi. This development weakened Malawi’s otherwise promising economy and impoverished the rural masses. The book ‘sees’ forlorn hope in the future of labour migrants and traders, unless the Malawi Government starts to genuinely have the welfare of the populace at heart! The book is relevant and...

Student Press Initiative Speaking Worlds 5

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1139 руб.
Speaking Worlds 5 is born from the continued collaboration between the Student Press Initiative (SPI) at Teachers College, Columbia University and the District 79's GED Plus ESL programs in the New York City Department of Education. Most of the authors who share their stories in this collection are new immigrants to the USA. They are emerging English speakers and range in ages 17-21. This year the countries represented here are from the South Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa. The spectacular work you'll find in this collection stems from not only the students' determination to challenge themselves to tell their stories, but also to hone their written skills, to tell deeper and stronger stories in a new language, and to collaboratively revise, edit and transform their words into publishable narratives.

Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia

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8789 руб.
In terms of poverty gap, the highest value (i.e.0.472) was obtained in Subsistence Agriculture (SA) livelihoods strategy followed by Subsistence Agriculture combined with Off-farm (SAO) livelihoods strategy. Contrary to this, Semi-commercial Agriculture strategy and Semi-commercial agriculture combined with Off-farm activity (SCAO) found to have relatively low poverty gap value i.e. 0.206 and 0.198 respectively, the latter being the least of all. From this we can understand that the average consumption short fall needed to bring those households below poverty line in SCA and SCAO is 20.6% and 19.8% respectively. Whereas, the average amount of consumption necessary to fill the shortfall of the poor from the poverty line is 47.2% and 46.8% in Subsistence Agriculture and Subsistence Agriculture combined with Off-farm livelihoods strategy, respectively

Tesfay Zelalem IGAD.s Counter-terrorism Initiative in the Horn of Africa Sub-Region

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8364 руб.
Today, the Horn of Africa is a hot spot of international terrorism. Thanks to its geographical proximity and strong historical tie with the Middle East where many militant Islamic extremists originate, it has become a breeding ground and haven of international terrorist groups. Although there are some complementary factors; religion particularly Islam manifested in the form of Wahhabism ideology is the major cause of international terrorism in the sub-region. Against this backdrop, IGAD started initiatives to counter-terrorism. As a regional development organization, it has extended its mandate to take peace and security in the Sub-region seriously since 1996. Likewise, since the September 11 tragedy on America, member states have became conscious about the security challenge posed by international terrorism and planned to take a joint action. Accordingly, IGAD focused on looking for ways and means to support the efforts of member states in fighting terrorism. However, though IGAD has gone a long way in countering international terrorism in the Horn of Africa, its effort is far from success due to institutional, sub-regional and external involvement challenges.

Bradley Striebig W.A.T.E.R.

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2377 руб.
"In the age when man has forgotten his origins and is blind to even his most essential needs for survival, water along with other resources has become the victim of his indifference." - Rachel CarsonThe water crisis in sub-Saharan Africa is critical. Lack of clean water is the leading reason that hospital beds in Africa are full, and yet most who are sick from bad water cannot seek medical attention. Addressing the shortage of clean water in developing nations will take investments of money, time, and resources.Seventeen students traveled to Benin in West Africa. They trained staff at the Songhai Center in Porto-Novo how to make effective drinking water filters. This is just one of many stories about innovative ways of tackling the water crisis - all of the successful stories involve leadership, community building and personal sacrifice.NOTE: ANY PROCEEDS FROM THE SALE OF THIS BOOK ARE USED TO CONTINUE TO DOCUMENT THE WATER PROGRAM AND ASSIST THE SONGHAI CENTER IN BENIN.

Joshua M Ngoma THE AFRICANS. A continent on the rise

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1164 руб.
The African continent is on the rise. Africa is set for a radical Demographic shift. By the year 2050, more than half the projected 2.2 billion rise in world population is expected to take place in Africa. Within the next 35 years, 1 in every 4 people will be African, this number rising to 4 in 10 people by the end of the century making the future of humanity increasingly African. Africa today is a magnet and a hive of activity for billions of dollars in foreign direct investments meant for the extraction of the vast wealth of raw materials that sustain the growth and viability of the global economy. In the past ten years, Africa has experienced a sharp rise in economic growth with a potential domestic market in excess of 900 million people. Seven out of the top ten fastest growing economies in the world are African countries. Many foreign investors have been forced to turn away from their traditional investments in developed markets and are now looking closely towards emerging pportunities on the African continent. “THE AFRICANS”, asks the hard questions about what is in it for the more than one billion Africans on the continent and demonstrates that Africa’s present condition is intimately connected with her past. Africa comes with the temptation of either over-analyzing its plight or glamorizing its potential. It is a complex endeavor without a “one size fits all” solution. Forty-seven percent of Sub-Saharan Africans still live on US$1.00 a day and lack life’s most basic n...

Janine Schildt The Impact of Migration on Areas of Limited Statehood in Sub-Sahara Africa

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1364 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: 1,3, Hertie School of Governance (Master of Public Policy), course: Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood, language: English, abstract: (...) While Western economists and politicians discuss whether more or less migration benefits their countries, the other side of the medal, namely the impact of massive labour outflows on sending communities, is seldom devoted much attention (...). Every migrant that leaves an African country for another or for a destination off the continent takes valuable labour and economic potential away fromthe sending community. This questions in how far vulnerable states will invest in education and youth employment when they see the return on their investments wander to new shores. Moreover, traditional ways of life are questioned when a great part of the young population departs and leaves the less mobile to care for themselves. Failing and failed states are today to a great extent kept alive by remittances from migrants abroad. On the one hand, this might be the only way that people who stayed can survive in a war-torn economy but on the other hand it might also ease the population's deception with dictatorships and incapable political leaders and therefore impede necessary social uproar. (...).Many of these specifics impacts of the African migration flows on the sendingn communities will be illuminated in the following (...). Various t...

Wanjala Stanley Maternal Healthcare Services Utilization

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6039 руб.
The importance of the health sector to global development cannot be gainsaid. Both the Millenium Development Goals (MDG's) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG's) have health as a critical component for achievement of global development. Utilization of Maternal health care service is an important health issue related to both maternal and child survival as it reduces maternal mortality and morbidity as well as improving the wellbeing of mothers and their children before, during and after birth. Considering low utilization of maternal health care service especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, understanding what determines utilization becomes important. This book tries to expound on the determinants of maternal healthcare services utilization especially in a resource poor setting and provides recommendations on possible measures to be taken to scale up utilization of maternal healthcare services with an aim of reducing maternal mortality and morbidity.

Lisa Schmidt Food security and the crisis of the new millennium

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2164 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, , language: English, abstract: The paper analyses the global challenges of the new millennium: The food price crisis, the financial and economic crisis as well as the ecological crisis. The crisis affect the world´s population, but in some regions such as South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa, the impacts are disastrous. Food security is threatened and poverty and inequality increase. Achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which among other things tend to halve between 1990 and 2015 the proportion of people who suffer from hunger and malnutrition, is moving further away. These developments and current challenges are of serious concern and an opportunity for change.

Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District

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1752 руб.
Project Report from the year 2008 in the subject Forestry / Forestry Economics, , course: Human Ecology, 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Food insecurity and poverty are the greatest global challenges facing the world today. Their redress is an indispensable requirement for sustainable development in developing countries, particularly in Africa. Poverty continues to be pervasive, intractable and inexcusable in the developing world particularly Sub-Saharan Africa. Extreme poverty ravages the lives of one in every four in the developing world (i.e. 1.2 billion people). The farming of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) is being promoted as a potential solution to the current high rates of malnutrition and poor health of the rural population, the degradation of tropical forests and the spread and intensification of poverty. However, the role of NTFPs in rural development in Ghana remains largely undervalued and understudied. This paper examines the contribution of NTFPs farming in enhancing poverty reduction, food security, sustainable forest management, and livelihoods improvement in the Sefwi Wiawso District (SWD) of the Western Region of Ghana. An exhaustive literature review and analysis of field data collected through administration of questionnaires, interviews and stakeholder consultations indicate that NTFPs are an important tool for addressing poverty amongst marginalised, forest-dependant communities in Ghana. 86% of farmers in SWD depend on ...

Christoph Vogel Between Resource Plenty and State Failure

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1639 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: 2,0, University of Cologne (Institut für Afrikanistik), course: Konfliktherd Nigeria, language: English, abstract: Mineral wealth and concomitant phenomena of violence state weakness and corruptionhave been widely brought into contact by numerous scholars, as a considerable numberof empirical cases seem to give evidence to this. Particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa theexamples of Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola - just tomention some of the most striking ones - led to various hypotheses about the influence ofresource plenty on governance issues. Due to several specific characteristics, the case ofNigeria is different to many others. First of all, the Federal Republic of Nigeria turned outto be Africa's most populous state with about 140 million citizens. In addition the socialsituation is rather unique, as Nigeria consists of more than 250 ethnic groups. The morethan 500 spoken languages spoken in the country further illustrate the socio-culturaldiversity. Nevertheless the three major communities include more than two thirds of thecountry's total population.On the socio-economic dimension a key feature is the overwhelming importance ofoil as almost single export good and major contributor of the country's GDP. The strong dependence on oil has been challenging Nigeria's economyconsiderably and can be seen as a major reason for s...

Banda Handson Impact Of Economic Growth On Unemployment In South Africa

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9277 руб.
South Africa is one of the African countries that is endowed with a lot of resources, both human and minerals. However due to activities such as increase in corruption, gross mismanagement and adverse policies of various governments, these resources have not been optimally utilised. One of the most pressing problems facing the South African economy is unemployment, which has been erratic over the past few years. This study examined the impact of economic growth on unemployment, using quarterly time series data for South Africa for the period 1994 to 2012. The study resulted in the following policy recommendation: South African government should re-direct its spending towards activities that directly and indirectly promote creation of employment and decent jobs; a conducive environment and flexible labour market policies or legislations without impediments to employment creation should be created; and lastly government should prioritise industries that promote labour intensive. All this will help in absorbing large pools of the unemployed population thereby reducing unemployment in South Africa.

Rania Mohammed Process Evaluation of Focused Antenatal Care Service

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8652 руб.
Maternal mortality remains a major challenge to health systems worldwide1. It is estimated that more than 536, 000 women die every year in the world due to complications related to pregnancy or childbirth; half of them live in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Pregnancy related complication is among the leading causes of death and disability for women age 15-49 in the developing countries . Ethiopia has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in Africa and the world, estimated at 673 per 100,000 live births and high neonatal mortality rate of 38/1000 live births , which is, remain among the highest in the world6. Maternal mortality in Ethiopia is likely linked both to extremely low utilization of ANC, skilled birth attendants and facility delivery and to even lower use of emergency obstetric care. The 2005 Demographic and Health Survey found that only 25% of all Ethiopian mothers living in rural areas received any antenatal care from a health professional in their last pregnancy, 3% delivered in a health facility, and 0.3% delivered by Caesarean section . During evaluability assessment, in Agaro according to expert interview and document review, most mothers suffer from complication.

Christian Krüger Trade Liberalization and Poverty

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3327 руб.
Diploma Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject Economics - Foreign Trade Theory, Trade Policy, grade: 1,0, University of Osnabrück (Fachbereich für Außenwirtschaft), language: English, abstract: After the successful experience of newly industrializing countries in East Asia (e.g., the East Asian Tigers: Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan) in the 1960s and Southeast Asia (e.g., the Southeast Asian Little-Tigers: Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand) by the late 1970s, trade liberalization (TL) in less developed countries (LDCs) has been considered as a policy to achieve rapid economic development. The argu-ment, put forward for instance by Dollar et al. [2002, p.195], that ―TL is good for [economic] growth‖ and that ―[economic] growth, [in turn], is good for the poor‖ has since served as the departure point for the discussion of the link between TL and poverty among economists, researchers, and policymakers alike. Spurred on by the dramatic failure of import substitution industrialization (ISI) strategies, and with the advice and support from international financial institutions (IFIs), such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Trade Organization (WTO), Krueger [1998, p.1521], for instance, finds that the intervening period has seen a large wave of TL episodes in countries in Latin America, Middle- and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, and South Asia respectively. Believing that TL is vital for economic growth and po...

Aruah Chinenye Variations Among Some Nigerian Cucurbita Species

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8927 руб.
Cucurbita is one of the under utilised and endangered plant species in sub-Saharan Africa. It is a popular fruit vegetable among the rural dwellers. Its' existence is being threatened due to neglect. Extensive research efforts have been made on this crop by different authors in both America and Europe, but in Africa, it is viewed as a traditional food crop and, has not benefited from the same level of research efforts dedicated to other crops. Precise information on the classification of the Nigerian pumpkin is unavailable in the literature. This has created an information gap that may have discouraged high-income earners and urban dwellers from making this crop a part of their diet. This study was initiated to (i) characterize Nigeria pumpkins with respect to morphology and nutrient composition, (ii) determine the chromosomal archetecture and, (iii) provide a clue as to the relationship existing among some Nigerian Cucurbita. The research has established that the Nigerian Cucurbita are extremely diverse in the agronomic and nutritive traits. These variations could be exploited to an advantage by plant breeders, research institutions and scientists in agronomy and crop improvement

Nkwazi Mhango Africa.s Dependency Syndrome. Can Africa Still Turn Things around for the Better.

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3589 руб.
There are milliards of off beam assumptions that Africa will always remain immobile in development of whatever type. This view has mainly been propounded by Western thinkers in order to make Africans internalise and reinforce this supposed dependency. Africa needs to embark on paradigm shift; and tweak and turn things around. Africa has what it take to do so quickly, especially now that new economic powers such as China and India are evolving as counterweight to the West. Shall Africa use these new economic forces to its advantage based on fair and win-win cooperation? To do so, Africa must make sure that it does not slink back into business as usual vis-a-vis beggarliness, dependence, frailty, gullibility, made-up backwardness, monkey business, and pipedreams, not to mention the nasty and narcissistic behaviours of its venal and navel-gazing rulers. Verily, Africa needs, inter alia, to use its God-given gifts, namely, immense resources, young population, abundance of vast and unexploited amounts of land. Equally, Africa must, without equivocation, invest copiously and earnestly in its people, the youth in the main. Most of all, Africa needs to shy away from all colonial carryovers and encumbrances. This volume shows many ways through and by which Africa can reverse the current imbroglio-cum-no-go it faces for the better; and thereby actualise the dream of being truly independent and prosperous.

The Light Farm Tractor. Solves the Farm Labour Problem. --...

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2302 руб.
Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.

Great Britain. Board of trade Wages and hours of labour . Report on changes in rates of wages and hours of labour in the United Kingdom

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983 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "London, Printed for H.M. Stationery off.", 1894 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.

Pim Engels Mission Drift in Microfinance. The Influence of Institutional and Country Risk Indicators on the Trade-Off between the Financial and Social Performance of Microfinance Institutions

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2839 руб.
Investments in microfinance by institutional investors are growing. The investors benefit from a dual return investment opportunity by balancing financial and social returns. Yet, commercial microfinance institutions tend to focus on their financial performance. Reaching out to wealthier clients while crowding out poorer clients enhances their profitability - a phenomenon called mission drift.Pim Engels has analysed the data of 600 microfinance institutions operating in 84 countries and presents now new insights to the phenomenon of mission drift. Based on his findings investors can recognise and prevent mission drift taking place amongst the microfinance institutions in their portfolio.

Sultana a. M., Salvamani Yuvashini Women in the Labour Force

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9202 руб.
The main focus of this book is to examine married women's participation in the labour force in the state of Perak, in Malaysia. It starts with an overview of married women's participation in the labour force in Malaysia. Extensive data have been obtained from the married women. The results revealed that married women in the labour are facing challenges to balance responsibility between work and family. The biggest challenges they are facing in labour force with respect to child-bearing and child-rearing. Some women desire to leave their jobs willingly and return to family because of childbearing and other responsibilities. Conversely, they are concerned about their economic contribution to their families. Women's participation in the labor force has the significant impact on the overall development of the country. By giving the importance and demands of women's participation in the labour force, the book suggests the implication of family friendly policy and its' appropriate practice with respect to flexible time work arrangements that may provide to support to women as well as to increase their participation in the labour force.

Viktoria Schwarz Nestle. A Corporate Financial Analysis of a Multi Million Dollar Company

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2164 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2018 in the subject Business economics - Operations Research, grade: 1,0, University of Applied Sciences Berlin (Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin), course: International Financial Management, language: English, abstract: This is a corporate financial analysis of Nestlé. Throughout various application tests, quantitative as well as qualitative, investigations on Nestlé's financial performance will be applied. Detailed information regarding the structure can be extracted from the table of contents. As of 2018, Nestlé is present in 189 countries, operates 413 factories in 85 counties and employs around 323.000 employees. The company is operating through the following operating segments: Zone Americas, Zone Europe, Middle East and North Africa, Zone Asia, Oceania and sub-Saharan Africa, Nestle Waters, Nestle Nutrition and other businesses. For the year 2017, ending on 31 December 2017, the Nestles total sales were stated CHF 89.8 billion. Nestlé shares are enlisted on the SIX Swiss Exchange in Switzerland. At 31 December 2017, the market capitalization was CHF 25,223,000,000. The 1866 founded transnational Swiss company Nestlé S.A. operates as a nutrition, health and wellness company, headquartered in Vevey, Vaus, Switzerland. By providing over 2000 brands Nestlé is considered the world's largest food and beverage company measured by revenues and further metrics.

C.R. Attlee The Labour Party In Perspective

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3902 руб.
Originally published in 1937, this is a fascinating account of the early days and growth of the Labour party by one of its leading lights. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. Hesperides Press are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork. Contents Include : Historical Retrospect Trade Union and Co-Operative Movements Constitution Labour Party Method Socialist Objective Short Programme Foreign Policy The Commonwealth and The Empire Labour and Defence Prospect

Daniel Schmidt Why Africa is unlikely to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.

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1739 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: 1,7, University of Tubingen (Politikwissenschaftliches Institut), 50 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The Millennium Development goals (MDGs) were set in 2000 as an ambitious goal to improve the situation in developing countries in fields such as education, reducing poverty or improving the health situation for the poor. Those goals shall be achieved until the year 2015, which means that halve of the time between the settings of the goals and the supposed reaching of those has passed. Thus it is time to ask how successful the tries have been until now, and if it is still realistic to achieve those goals. This paper will place special emphasis on Africa and especially Sub-Sahara Africa. In this region the smallest progress can be seen, and in certain areas no success as all can be witnessed. The main question, which will be answered in this paper, is therefore: "What are the problems that prevent the countries in Sub-Sahara Africa to achieve the Millennium Development goals?" In the first section of the paper the Millennium Declaration, which was signed in September 2000, will be introduced, and the growing international acceptation of those goals will be mentioned. (Qureshi, 2004)After that the present situation will be described. When all developing countries are seen together, the data suggest that improvement has taken place and that t...

Anthony Attard The principle of the Free Movement of Labour

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8652 руб.
With a limited labour market, it was felt that the free movement of labour would bring about a number of complications for Malta's already limited labour market. This thesis details the principle of this freedom in the European Union, how it has affected countries throughout the Union, before outlining what impact it left on Malta and what provisions Malta made use of in order to protect its market in the years following accession.

Peter Hargreaves Britain. A Nation Betrayed

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2839 руб.
15 000 hospital beds closed since Labour........came to power in 1997......British policing among.........worst in the world............Child and pensioner poverty increased.........after Labour came to power in 1997....Tony Blair's contempt.........for British people....Tony Blair..........went to war....Under Labour...........pensioners were going bankrupt....After Labour...........the 'good times' are over....Britain was '3 hours' away...........from going bust........

Samson Mutsagondo Labour Mobilization and Exploitation in Colonial Zimbabwe

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8777 руб.
This works examines how labour was raised and exploited in colonial Zimbabwe's tea plantations. It shows the centrality of labour to the system and how difficult it was to raise it. It is also a manifestation of the trials and tribulations Africans met at the hands of their colonisers. The book can also be used to examine labour mobilization in other sectors of the economy. The case study of tea is interesting as it is a labour-intensive crop. As such labour on tea plantations has to be readily available, at all times and at all cost. Nevertheless, Africans as people on the receiving end devised means and ways of outdoing the system. Read on.

Rajpalsingh Allgoo A Brief History of Trade Unionism in Mauritius

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1814 руб.
This book present the history of Slavery and forced labour in Mauritius. It tells us how Mauritius was occupied by the Europeans and was converted in to a colony. When slavery was abolished in 1833, the British started a new system called ‘Indentured Labour.’ The Indian Indentured Labour were brought in Mauritius in 1834. This book presents an overview of the Trade Union movement in Mauritius from its beginning in the 1930s to the present day. It gives a brief description with images and roles played by several people involved.

J.F. Horrabin An Atlas Of Empire

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714 руб.
AN ATLAS OF EMPIRE by J. F. HORRABIN 1937 CONTENTS Colonial Possessions In Europe Gibraltar vtalta Dodecanese Islands Cyprus Colonial Possessions in Africa Africa before the Great Scramble Northern Africa : Morocco, Algeria, Tunis Libya Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Western Africa : Rio de Oro, Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Sierra Leone Ivory Coast, Gold Coast, Dahomey, Nigeria French Sudan, Niger Colony Central Africa: French Equatorial Africa, Camcroon, Rio Muni Belgian Congo, Angola Southern Africa The Union, and British Protectorates The Union, and British Protectorates The Union, and British Protectorates Eastern Africa: N. and S, Rhodesia, Nyasalancl, Portuguese E. Africa Madagascar, Seychelles, Mauritius Kenya., Uganda, Tanganyika Eritrea, Somaliland, Abyssinia French and British Possessions in Africa French Africa Ex-German Possessions in Africa Chartered Companies in Africa The Peoples of Africa ASIA: Colonial Possessions in Asia The Near East: Syria, Palestine, Transjordan Aden, Perim Island Aden Protectorate, Sokotra, Kuria Muria Islands Bahrein, Koweit Native States Provinces French and Portuguese possessions Industrialism Ceylon Ceylon Burma, Andaman Islands Far East: Korea, Dairen Manchukuo Formosa, Hong Kong, Macao, Kwang- Chau- Wan ndo- China British Malaya Java, Sumatra Java, Sumatra elebes, Borneo, Timor Philippines Sakhalin Island Colonial Possessions in North America North America : Canada Alaska Aleutian Islands Newfoundland, Labrador Greenland Central Amer...

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This book will interest readers learning about or developing strategies for improving higher educationsystems and institutions in developing countries.It provides an insight into sub-Saharan African higher education systems and sets out the ways that they aredeveloping and changing. It explores the dilemmas inherent in a context of scarce resources with increasingand urgent demands for a more professionalized workforce and expert services. It examines the factorsinhibiting development such as HIV/AIDS, gender issues, historical conflicts, cultural attitudes inimical toinnovation, the challenges created by poor infrastructure, and the history of colonialism and authoritarianismand their legacy of centralized control and lack of autonomy and democracy.The book explores lessons from research into sub-Saharan African higher education that may be applied to other contexts. The authors have lived andworked in sub-Saharan Africa and the book draws on the authors' personal experience of higher education in Zambia, Ethiopia, The Yemen and theirlinks in Mozambique and South Africa as well as extensive senior management experience and at the highest level within sub-Saharan highereducation systems. It uses actual examples and a reflective 'case study' approach to describe reforms, and from these, develops ideas as to how toimprove the effectiveness of higher education as a means to fight poverty.The book explores lessons from research into sub-Saharan African higher educatio...
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